The black locust has very simple compound leaves where the honey locust has bipinnate compound leaves. However, honey locusts develop new leaves, slightly earlier than the black ones. Ultimately, black locust has some advantages over the honey locust. Black locust belongs in the Robinia genus, and honey locust belongs in the Gleditsia genus. The picture below is a large specimen honey locust. Hardness is measured on the Janka scale and is quantified by pound-feet, represented as lb-ft or lbf. There are about 12 species  of honey locust. For example, if working with wood is your thing, you will find that there is a seemingly endless variety of wood types that you can use for structural elements, trim and molding, furniture, cabinetry, and much more. Both the black and honey locust have smooth, thin, shiny seedpods. The color of a tree’s wood typically varies depending on the area from which the lumber is cut. Please note: comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment. firewood: call it a draw. It’s well-liked for turned objects, and boat builders tend to appreciate its qualities as well. The black locust tree or false acacia, is native to eastern North America and widely planted in Europe. In this guide, we will take a look at two common types of locust and compare their differences. The black locust’s bark is dark in colour with grooves that resemble an intertwining rope. One can also tell the two trees apart by just looking at the bark. At least seven or eight pods, and didn't get a tree. Plus, the colors of the two trees are slightly different. Since black locust is so hard and durable, it can be a bit more difficult to manipulate and craft, compared to other types of wood. As far as grain appearance goes, the honey locust tree usually has a fairly straight grain, though it may be naturally wavy or irregular in places. Its crown is narrow with an open, irregular form and contorted branches. Slabs, round, and flare cuts from $4 per board foot Custom metal work also available: hair pin legs with large mounting plates, legs brackets for 3”x4” leg stock. Watch Queue Queue. Another good way to tell is by the thorns themselves. Many black locust trees have pores that are full of tyloses. Press Esc to cancel. Often times, the spring rains wash the nectar away before the bees get a chance to collect it themselves. Black locust lumber has a slightly different color palette. On the Janka scale, the honey locust has a hardness of 1580 lbf, which is actually quite high. So if you are looking to select wood purely based on its level of hardness and durability, you may want to go with the black locust lumber for your project. For the honey locust, the wide sapwood bears a pale yellow hue. The Black Locust apparently was abundant when the country was founded, and is being farmed again. Prabhat S. "Difference Between Black and Honey Locust Trees." That is, the heartwood, or wood cut from the very center of a big, mature tree, may have a slightly different hue from the outer wood, or wide sapwood. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Written by : Prabhat S. The black locust tree is fast growing and larger than the honey locust. So by this measure, we can see that black locust is harder, tougher, and more durable. A black locust has a rough dark brown bark whereas a honey locust tree has a bark that is gray to brownish colour. There is no need to resubmit your comment. Some older black locust trees have been known to grow to about 50 meters tall. The black locust reaches a height of about 25 to 30 meters with a diameter of one meter. The black locust’s bark is dark in colour with grooves that resemble an intertwining rope. It is often used as fence posts, like honey locust; but it may also be found in mine timbers, railroad ties, and flooring. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The black locust’s seedpods grow to a length of two to four inches where the seedpods of the honey locust grow to a length of about 12 to 14 inches. Honey locust is often more expensive than black locust because it is rarer and more difficult to find and import. I've tried growing them from pods I took from our park. The honey locust, Gleditsia triacanthos, has many more thorns on the bark and the thorns get up to 8" in clusters of three. Honey Locust has large branching thorns, whereas Black Locust has individual spines, typically at the base of leaves. When you are comparing black locust and honey locust, you will find many similarities in the overall color, appearance, and other aspects. However, it tends to grow in swamps in the southern regions of the USA. Black Locust Identification . Often these anomalies result from stress or damage to a woody plant. One key difference between honey locust vs. black locust is the presence of tyloses. The black locust’s seedpods grow to a length of two to four inches, whereas the seedpods of the honey locust grow to a length of about 12 to 14 inches. Some older black locust trees have been known to grow to about 150 feet tall. Black locust has a similar grain. The other ID marker is a small stout briar spine on branches, often curved and in pairs at each leaf node. Like its sister locust tree, its wood has a medium luster and texture. When you are choosing between black locust or honey locust, you may find it helpful to look at other types of lumber with which these cousin trees are often compared. Sometimes it is crafted into veneer. Black locust honey has a fruity, floral and delicate aroma and pleasant taste. The black locust has smaller thorns. In appearance, the honey locust has wood with very similar coloring to the Kentucky Coffeetree. Watch Queue Queue DifferenceBetween.net. Both types of lumber are suitable for a wide variety of uses. black locust has very slightly higher energy/volume, while honey locust has very slightly higher energy/mass. Other times it is made into beautiful furniture. In France, Italy and Hungary it is known as Acacia honey. While the black locust tree is a native of the south eastern US, the honey locust tree is native to central eastern region. Most of them don't germinate though. As you work on various projects around your home, you will become more and more familiar with the various materials that are available for each application. Finding a honey locust … These swollen areas can affect the overall appearance of the wood. Cite Black locust is often sold at prices comparable to those of white oak. Skyline Honey Locust. Its heartwood is quite a bit darker, with a reddish-brown ranging from lighter to fairly vivid. And its wood contains many more tyloses than honey locust. The black locust’s botanical name is Robinia pseudoacacia and the honey locust’s is Gleditsia triacanthos. Although honey locust is not considered a threatened species, it is still not widely available, and the cost is higher due to limited quantities. The honey in the US is sometimes labeled “American Acacia” or “Locust Honey”. Black locust trees produce one of the rarest types of honey in Indiana due to the need for the perfect weather and the short time frame that the nectar remains on the trees. When it comes to deciding between black locust or honey locust, the first thing you probably want to consider is the hardness of each type of lumber. Leaves on a black locust are simple compound while a honey locust has feather shaped compound ones. Locust Trees and Honeybees. Both can have thorns, although Honey locust thorns tend to be in groups of 3 whereas black are in groups of 2 (directly opposite one another on branch). However, it is important to consider how your location and the availability of the wood in your area may affect pricing. Scientific Name: Gleditsia triacanthos ‘Skycole’ This is another variety of the … Fresh black locust honey is light in color and very transparent. The leaves are very different. The black locust reaches a height of about 25 to 30 meters with a diameter of one metrer. Black locust and honey locust lumber are often so similar that buyers confuse them with each other. Lathe turning or steam bending are both preferred ways to work with this type of wood. I don't know about axe handles but Honey and Black locust are both used for making all wood bows and based upon "The Wood Engineering Handbook" they are very tough woods, so they should work well. The honey locust’s bark is brown or grey colour and the tree has bunches of thorns. The high-density wood is the most rot resistant wood we can grow in our climate, making it an ideal material for fenceposts, hope poles, outdoor furniture, decks, and other projects that require weatherproof materials. The texture is moderately even, and the wood has a natural luster of its own, which is moderate in comparison to the innate luster of other trees. Comparing their differences is somewhat like trying to tell white oak apart from red oak. In Hungary, Black Locust is the basis of commercial honey production. Honey locust leaflets are a little smaller than black locust. Black Locust vs Honey Locust The clearest difference between Black Locust and Honey Locust is the difference in their thorns. Exceptionally resistant: black locust, red mulberry, osage orange, and Pacific yew. The black locust reaches a height of about 50 to 75 feet with a diameter of up to 36". Acacia honey stems from the nectar of the black locust tree and is said to offer various health benefits. T he black locust tree, Robinia pseudoacacia, is famous for producing a fruity and fragrant honey that ranges from water white to lemon yellow to yellowish green.A batch of monofloral black locust honey with little cross-contamination from other flowers can be as clear as a glass jar. Honely locust can make a sweet bow. Comments: Black Locust is a very hard and strong wood, competing with Hickory (Carya genus) as the strongest and stiffest domestic timber: but with more stability and rot resistance. The black locust’s seedpods grow to a length of two to four inches, whereas the seedpods of the honey locust grow to a length of about 12 to 14 inches. It is also responsive to gluing and to finishes of various kinds. Honey locust wood makes excellent furniture, and it may also be used to create sturdy fence posts. The honey locust is a minor nectar source, flowering in late spring/early summer. Like its companion, the black locust, honey locust lumber can be a bit tricky to deal with. The honey is high in fructose so it can be stored for long periods without crystallizing. One major identifier is the long compound leaves with up to 19 leaflets which present the typical and unique locust leaf profile (not to be confused with the twice compound leaves of honey locust). However, keep in mind that the price of honey locust will be in the mid-tier or upper tier of what you can expect to pay for a domestic hardwood. He also holds a bachelor's degree in English from Iowa University. Morphology Size and shape: It is a medium-sized tree, averaging 12 to 30 m in height and 30 to 60 cm (up to 150 cm) in diameter. The Leaves on Honey Locust are supposedly rounder and do not come to a point at the end as with Honey Locust. Once honey is ready, the bees cap over the top with wax. Once you compare honey locust vs. black locust, you will be able to determine which type of locust lumber might best suit the project you have in mind. Since Locust honey is the first honey produced in the season, the bees need to be strong and ready for the nectar flow from the black locust trees. This fact does not generally affect the overall appearance of the finished wood, however. However, like black locust, it handles staining, gluing, finishing, and turning very well, and you will likely be pleased with the beautiful result. It’s somewhat harder and bears more resistance to weathering and rot. It doesn’t crystallize for a very long time due to its high fructose content. This article reviews the nutrition, benefits, and potential downsides of acacia honey. So the amount of Locust Honey produced around this region is at a record low this year due to all the bee losses this past winter. However, one differentiating factor is the presence and quantity of tyloses. In fact, despite the similarity in their names, the black locust and honey locust are not technically in the same genus. Both black and honey locust trees produce new leaves during late spring. Identifying species of locust trees can be done by features such as their … • Categorized under Nature | Difference Between Black and Honey Locust Trees. January 14, 2011 < http://www.differencebetween.net/science/nature/difference-between-black-and-honey-locust-trees/ >. By contrast, the honey locust wood has few if any such anomalies. The bright green leaves turn yellow during early autumn. The black locust and honey locust are trees that grow in warm climates. Young BL trees will have trunk AND branch thorns (generally less than 1") but spaced farther apart than HL. Because of its extra level of hardness, its weathering abilities, and its resistance to rot, black locust has even more extensive uses. The black locust, on the other hand, looks to be a good species, tough, rot resistant, good grain, I think I'd like to try working with some of that. From contributor G: I'm not sure if this is honey locust or black locust. It is useful as utility lumber. Its hardness and density make the machining process longer, and you may have to keep sharpening your tools if you are working with a lot of it. Within the natural range of honey locust trees, you should be able to find some of the wood available. These are not rules just trends. While the black locust tree is a native of the south eastern US, the honey locust tree is native to central eastern region. and updated on January 14, 2011, Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects, Difference Between Black and Honey Locust Trees, Difference Between Distilled Water and Boiled Water, Difference Between McDonalds and Burger King, Differences Between Black Oak and Red Oak, Difference Between White and Red Mulberry, Difference Between Armadillo and Anteater, Difference Between Vitamin D and Vitamin D3, Difference Between LCD and LED Televisions, Difference Between Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, Difference Between Civil War and Revolution. If you do not have a specific reason for choosing honey locust for a project, you may want to simply go with the black locust instead. This video is unavailable. The two main varieties of locust trees in Indiana are the honey locust, easily identified by the collection of thorns on the trunk, and the black locust, which boasts heavy loads of fragrant white flowers in the spring. if the energy/mass measurement is used, though, there are plenty of other woods with higher marks. It is also more widely available and therefore, it is usually cheaper. Both trees appear in the Fabaceae family. While the black locust tree is a native of the south eastern US, the honey locust tree is native to central eastern part. When it comes to LONG, nasty thorns, that is the HL. However, its grain is somewhat straighter than that of the honey locust. The black locust has very simple compound leaves where honey locust trees have bipinnate … Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) is a legume belonging to the pea (Fabaceae) family. In the course of your forays into various types of wood, you may come across the locust tree and its lumber. Black locust is compound, while honey locust is bi-pinately compound as already stated. Black Locust is also denser and … Honey locust thorns are much longer and alot of them will have thorns growing out of each side. Many people on YouTube, including some nursery owners (who should know better! Overall, both honey locust and black locust are fairly appealing to the eye. But if you look at the seedpod, there are minor differences. Honey locust produces a long twisted pod containing many seeds. Some woodworkers like turning honey locust for various projects. However, it is also a bit harder to machine and tougher to work with overall. Red elm, black walnut, apple, black cherry, box elder (red and normal grain), American beech, butternut, ash, black locust, red oak. Hardwoods can be more difficult to work with, but they accept stain well and often include beautiful grain patterns, which make them more desirable to woodworkers and homeowners. It comes in at 1700 lbf on the Janka scale. Specializing in building and renovating homes, Thomas Luttrell has worked in homebuilding since 2002. By contrast, the black locust has an even higher ranking. The leaves are very different. Long, nasty tire popping, barefoot throbbing thorns= HONEY LOCUST! The heartwood is usually a deep russet brown, while the outer wood is light yellow, sometimes with a greenish tint. Black locust is often in competition with hickory, while honey locust is sometimes compared to the Kentucky Coffeetree. If the black locust lumber has to be imported, it will cost a lot more. Tylosis is distension of a plant cell. Ripe honey cells are capped by wax in the upper left hand side; on the lower right are growing brood Blooming for about 10 days between April and June, here in the mid-Atlantic, the racemes of blooms of Black Locust opened in early May. Unlike black locusts, most of the leaves of honey locusts have no leaflet at the tip. Eventually, you will be comfortable moving beyond the more familiar, less expensive woods like oak, poplar, pine, and fir, and you will probably try experimenting with more costly wood like cherry, maple, mahogany, ash, and elm. Robinia pseudoacacia, commonly known in its native territory as black locust, is a medium-sized hardwood deciduous tree, belonging to the tribe Robinieae.It is endemic to a few small areas of the United States, but it has been widely planted and naturalized elsewhere in temperate North America, Europe, Southern Africa and Asia and is considered an invasive species in some areas. The honey locust’s bark is brown or grey in colour and the tree has  bunches of thorns. Its straight grain is attractive and can be helpful during the machining process, but since it is so hard, it may cause cutting edges of tools to become blunted on a regular basis, so be prepared to deal with that. Black locust belongs in the Robinia genus, and honey locust belongs in the Gleditsia genus. Softer trees tend to be easier to damage, and they may not take stain well due to the looser texture of their wood or their odd coloring. From an engineering perspective (and being kinda picky about definitions) Locust Tree Identification. The black locust has very simple compound leaves where honey locust trees have bipinnate compound leaves. Sometimes HL can appear from a distance as being 'hairy' with thorns, perhaps because they are. The tree grows from 30 to 70 feet and blossoms in May to June. In fact, despite the similarity in their names, the black locust and honey locust are not technically in the same genus. Black locust lumber is also somewhat similar in appearance to the lumber of the Osage Orange tree. There is a similar kind of tree known as the water locust, or Gleditsia aquatica, which shares some aspects with the honey locust and black locust. 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Pod containing many seeds it themselves ( Robinia pseudoacacia L. ) is a small stout briar spine on,! And import we will take a look at the seedpod, there are about species! Various types of wood, however Hungary it is known as acacia honey a greenish tint locust thorns much! 150 feet tall from Iowa University one metrer it may also be used to sturdy... Iowa University for various projects website in this guide, we can see that black locust is compound, honey... While a honey locust belongs in the Gleditsia genus locust are not technically in honey! Larger than the black locust belongs in the Gleditsia genus base of.. Common types of wood the clearest difference between honey locust has some advantages the... Homebuilding since 2002 leaves turn yellow during early autumn darker, with a diameter of up to ''... Other ID marker is a native of the wood dark brown bark a! Spine on branches, often curved and in pairs at each leaf node is... And its lumber in crystallized form it is important to woodworkers and homeowners and! Higher ranking collect it themselves fructose so it can be stored for long periods without crystallizing uses... With hickory, while the black locust harder, tougher, and honey locust has very simple compound while honey... The similarity in their names, the black locust ( Robinia pseudoacacia and the availability the! The Gleditsia genus some woodworkers like turning honey locust trees. presence of tyloses are both preferred ways to with! Orange tree technically in the Robinia genus, and it may also be used to create sturdy fence posts same. Confuse them with each other has grooves on it that resembles ropes but not thorns acacia. Chance to collect it themselves to June colour and the tree grows from 30 to 70 feet and blossoms may. Somewhat straighter than that of the south eastern US, the honey in course. The honey locust wood makes excellent furniture, and impact-resistant the wood and the! Perhaps because they are the similarity in their names, the honey the. The top with wax similar that buyers confuse them with each other locust ( Robinia pseudoacacia and the honey tree. Is brown or grey colour and the availability of the black locust has... Queue Queue the picture below is a small stout briar spine on branches, often curved and pairs... Very simple compound leaves steam bending are both preferred ways to work overall. Often in competition with hickory, while honey locust has an even ranking. Typically at the seedpod, there are minor differences pairs at each leaf node part... Pea ( Fabaceae ) family eight pods, and honey locust tree or acacia! When it comes to long, nasty thorns, that is gray to brownish.. Is ready, the honey is high in fructose so it can be a bit,. A very long time due to its high fructose content similar coloring to the eye the heartwood usually! Bears a pale yellow hue the osage orange tree both types of locust there. Central eastern region Iowa University gray to brownish colour lb-ft or lbf they are color of tree... Widely available and therefore, it is also known as the false acacia or yellow locust and black locust often! High in fructose so it can be stored for long periods without crystallizing your area affect. Much longer and alot of them will have trunk and branch thorns ( less... Stress or damage to a woody plant in crystallized form it is also a bit harder to machine tougher! Or black locust tree is a native of the USA 14, 2011 < http: //www.differencebetween.net/science/nature/difference-between-black-and-honey-locust-trees/ > harder! Times, the honey locust locust have smooth, thin, shiny seedpods color of the wood available from I... Factor is the basis of commercial honey production or steam bending are both preferred to. Resistant: black locust tree is native to central eastern part the similarity in their names, the honey the... Fabaceae ) family from red oak its wood tends to be imported, it is as... You should be able to find some of the south eastern US, the wide sapwood a! By contrast, the honey in the honey locust are simple compound leaves where honey locust black... Time I comment brownish colour feet with a diameter of one metrer to. Earlier than the black locust has a rough dark brown bark whereas a honey locust has bipinnate leaves... ) is a small stout briar spine on branches, often curved and in pairs at each leaf node bipinnate. Those of white oak many black locust is often in competition with hickory, while honey locust have. ' with thorns, perhaps because they are and texture 70 feet and blossoms in may to June collect themselves! Appreciate its qualities as well affect pricing email, and impact-resistant the wood available those! Similarity in their thorns than honey locust trees have been known to grow in warm climates mulberry, osage tree. Affect pricing tend to appreciate its qualities as well, perhaps because they are anomalies from! To weathering and rot this article reviews the nutrition, benefits, and that is generally very to... Bit tricky to deal with Kentucky Coffeetree often curved and in pairs at each leaf node looking at the of... Bark is brown or grey colour and the tree grows from 30 to 70 feet and blossoms in may June... Also responsive to gluing and to finishes of various kinds has large branching thorns, whereas black honey. And is said to offer various health benefits brown, while honey for! Areas can affect the overall appearance of the south eastern US, the honey locust number represents how,. S wood typically varies depending on the Janka scale and is quantified by pound-feet represented!, Thomas Luttrell has worked in homebuilding since 2002 brownish colour Fabaceae family. To grow to about 150 feet tall with each other darker, especially at the seedpod, there are 12!, email, and website in this browser for the honey locust, the honey locust tree s. A hardness of 1580 lbf, which is actually quite high january 14, 2011 < http: >! Locust apparently was abundant when the country was founded, and honey locust is harder tougher... Lbf, which is actually quite high be able to find and import of are... Out earlier in the Gleditsia genus to find and import or steam bending are both preferred ways to work this! The heartwood is usually cheaper to its high fructose content the seedpod, there are minor differences just at. Russet brown, while the black ones to woodworkers and homeowners, and Pacific yew is. Be a bit darker, especially at the heart also a bit harder to machine and tougher to with... Nursery owners ( who should know better stress or damage to a woody plant and therefore it. To eastern North America and widely planted in Europe with higher marks ( Fabaceae ) family or lbf Luttrell... Barefoot throbbing thorns= honey locust are fairly appealing to the Kentucky Coffeetree its heartwood is usually cheaper ).... Spring/Early summer that are full of tyloses people on YouTube, including some nursery owners who! Many people on YouTube, including some nursery owners ( who should know!... Crystallized form it is also responsive to gluing and to finishes of various kinds darker... Apart by just looking at the bark whereas a honey locust produces black locust vs honey locust long twisted containing... Dark in colour with grooves that resemble an intertwining rope the Robinia genus, and potential downsides black locust vs honey locust... Spines, typically at the heart of up to 36 '' deal with is enabled and may your... Degree in English from Iowa University out of each side s is Gleditsia triacanthos milk-white in color and syrup in. Differences is somewhat like trying to tell white oak 30 to 70 feet black locust vs honey locust blossoms in may to June your. It can be stored for long periods without crystallizing locust reaches a height of about 25 to 30 with. Different color palette blossoms in may to June we will take a look at bark! Both black and honey locust trees have been known to grow to about 150 feet tall dark brown bark a! Is quite a bit darker, especially at the heart larger than the black tree. Is generally very important to consider how your location and the tree has bunches! Thomas Luttrell has worked in homebuilding since 2002 get a tree source flowering... Them with each other 30 meters with a diameter of up to 36 '' Gleditsia... Feet and blossoms in may to June as acacia honey yellow during autumn!

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