Many types of flooring can be installed over a concrete sub floor. Step 3: Lay the Plywood Avoid bunching or puncturing the film, especially between sleepers. Even if your home was built on a concrete slab, you can still enjoy the beauty and charm of hardwood floors. Here’s a good rule of thumb. Read manufacturer’s directions before installation to maintain warranty coverage. You won't know how much it's going to cost until you ask! Install the plywood after the vapor retarder is in place. Prepare the Subfloor . Flat, Clean Slab Instead, the planks are either glued or snapped together. Lay down a moisture barrier. Here is a video showing the process. Maximize your home’s value. One very accurate testing method is to use the Wagner Rapid R.H. meter, as shown in this video: Most flooring manufacturers say you should not install hardwood over concrete if the tests show the moisture emission rate is over 3 pounds. There is one company that allows for basement installation, and it won’t affect the warranty as long as you’ve installed it per their instructions. No vapor barrier or padding should be used. The easiest way to install hardwood is a floating floor. This project focuses on installing a floating engineered floor. Before installing any flooring you must follow the instructions set forth by the flooring manufacturer. Gluing it down will prove to be a messy and irritating job. You have too much moisture in the area to install hardwood. You’ll know if there are dips in the concrete if you see daylight at the bottom of the straightedge. Fortunately, even if your home was built on a concrete slab, you can still choose to put in new hardwood flooring. Concrete slab- Engineered Click Wood Flooring products can be installed on all grade levels. Considering new hardwood floors? Layers of asphalt felt with asphalt mastic or 6 mil polyethylene sheathing are some of the choices. There are three ways to lay a floor over concrete. Hardwood Finishes More Eco-Friendly than Ever, Eliminating Finish Blotches on Maple and Cherry, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Specifiers, American Hardwoods: Renewable, Abundant and Sustainable, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice, Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts (Red Oak), Fixing Cracks and Squeaks in Hardwood Floors, Installing a Hardwood Floor Over a Concrete Slab, How to Install Hardwood Floors Over Radiant Heat, How to Apply Specialty Finishes for Hardwood Trim, Trend Alert: Wood Planks Warm up Ceilings and Walls, From modest to magnificent: Create an entertainment space for any home. Water can quickly pass through it causing moisture problems, especially below grade. Additionally, you’ll need to apply the below adhesive to secure your flooring successfully. The quickest way to get new wood underfoot is to install a floating floor. Mastics and TrowelsHot asphalt is generally used only for laying screeds on concrete, and the screeds must be positioned immediately upon pouring the mastic (always follow manufacturer's directions). Nail the finished flooring to the sleepers through the film. Also, it is important to take time and prepare well before you start assembling. Hardwood floors have been in high demand lately. In winter, heating should be maintained near occupancy levels at least five days before the flooring is delivered and maintained from that point on. Do not use power-actuated fasteners or concrete nails when radiant heat pipes are embedded in the slab. There is no waiting time because the floors come pre-finished and there is no glue to dry. Therefore, it’s crucial to install a moisture barrier. Installing engineered hardwood flooring over concrete too tight against a stationary object will not allow room for normal expansion, and may cause a failure. It lays directly on top of the waterproof barrier, or combination of barrier and underlayment, to help cushion and insulate. Hardwood flooring and concrete are two different types of materials used for floors, and each have their own unique characteristics. Most strip and plank flooring is milled with tongue-and-groove edges so boards will fit together, but some planks are flat-edged for a more rustic look. Things You'll Need Step 1: Dry the Slab The flooring should be removed from its boxes and all packing materials during this process. Position yourself in a way that allows you … This will prevent any excess moisture from wicking from the concrete directly into the wood. Detailed qualitative and quantitative testing methods are provided by the National Wood Flooring Association. How to Install Floating Engineered Hardwood Floor Because of its construction, engineered hardwood brings with it a number of advantages including quick installation. Want to see how easy? They can add up to two inches in a basement that may already have a low ceiling. Otherwise, yellow pine, fir or other kiln-dried framing species is acceptable. Easiklip is solid hardwood which means it’s safe for your children’s bedroom and durable enough for basement installations. Grade refers to the location of the cement slab. The only thing, it is necessary to observe technology of installing in a proper way and to perform work very carefully and accurately. The silicone beads help to hold the clips in place in the individual groves in each board. Protect the Flooring. A subfloor is the floor surface directly under the hardwood floor. We don't recommend installing over chipboard and instead would suggest a floating floor such as engineered wood flooring or laminate flooring. Plank flooring four inches and wider requires either the plywood-on-slab system or the sleeper system topped with a minimum of 5/8” inch thick plywood or ¾” OSB. Engineered is actually produced with three to five layers of hardwood. Check out this case study of a DIY hardwood installation with costs, timeline and list of materials: Once you’ve made up your mind about installing a hardwood floor over your concrete slab, you need to put some thought into it. If you are installing flooring with adhesive, clean the subfloor or old flooring of wax, paint, oil, sealers, adhesives and other debris following the adhesive manufacturer's instructions. These two ways are glue-down or floating. Concrete is porous in nature and the water vapour from the ground below may get trapped under the wood flooring and cause moulds to grow. Install the rest of the flooring. Installing hardwood on concrete is not a do-it-yourself project. Your best option is to have the boards click together and “float”. The only tools you’ll need are a tape measure, N IOSH-designated dust mask, some 1/2 in (15mm) wedges, a broom, a hand saw, and eye protection. Determine your starting wall. And, the traditional method of driving screws or nails through the moisture barrier turns your moisture barrier “bowl” into a sieve allowing excess moisture to wick into the wood. The best way for any DIYer to install a hardwood floor is to use clips. Using a minimum 5/8" CDX (3/4" recommended) plywood, the material is installed over the same moisture barriers (mastic excluded) but attached by way of concrete fasteners. A minimum 6 mil construction grade polyethylene film, with perm of .13 or other impermeable material with a perm of .15 or less is recommended. That means no glue or nails are attaching the boards to the subfloor. With solid hardwood floors, a proper vapor retarder must be installed on top of the slab to make sure normal slab moisture does not reach the finished floor. However, you can still get the same look like solid wood by using engineered flooring. Solid parquet hardwood flooring can be glued directly to a concrete slab on grade or above grade with the use of a manufacturer recommended vapor retarder. It rests or floats on top, held in place by the weight of the floor itself. When installing a basement hardwood floor, the concrete must be flat so the tongue and grooves of the hardwood meet and connect. This high-quality, high-performance flooring solution offers improved stability compared with standard solid wood flooring, making it a great choice for the basement and other spaces that commonly feature concrete floors or high humidity environments. Humidity sensors or moisture meters require drilling holes and inserting probes to measure the amount of water. Then, use a level to find any spots where the ground is uneven and apply concrete self-leveling compound to even it out. With the Easiklip installation method, you can walk on the floor immediately. Hardwood floors have been in high demand lately. During the curing process, there is excess moisture still evaporating from the concrete that can ruin the floor if you install it too early. It’s also a great option if you choose to incorporate a radiant heat system. We’ll talk about them shortly. To install vinyl plank flooring on concrete, you’ll first need to clean the concrete with soap and water and fill in any cracks with concrete filler. Most of the time, concrete floors are hidden by carpeting, so you want to take the time to pull that carpet up. Typically, it is sheets of plastic laid on the slab and taped at the seams with waterproof tape. Quantity includes typical waste overage, material for repair and local delivery. Unlike traditional solid-wood strips, a floating floor isn't nailed down. Many homeowners immediately discount the idea in favor of more moisture-resistant floor covering options like tile, vinyl, and concrete. Application of PL 400 Adhesive Consider asking a specialist in basement waterproofing to solve that issue before installing any new floor. Put the flooring, still packaged, into the room where it will be installed. 1. Watch as Jack explains what's involved in floating installation of engineered hardwood flooring. For people that have concrete basements or subfloors, like slab houses, traditional solid hardwood will not work. New concrete is heavy with moisture, and it must be a minimum of 30 days old before moisture testing begins. Why Choose Easiklip For Your Basement Hardwood Floor? 1. Laminate flooring is also fairly easy to install. Even old slabs will continuously wick moisture up from the ground. Proper planning will save money, time and minimize mistakes. In that case, a floor will be strong, steady and durable. Easiklip is perfect for the DIYer who wants the beauty of hardwood without the hassle of glue or nails. Engineered is actually produced with three to five layers of hardwood. Some of these reasons are: Hardwood Type – There is no way to install standard 3/4″ hardwood on concrete. Before you run out and order a hardwood floor, there are several items you need know. Lay a 2x4 board down when the concrete has dried to ensure you have addressed all of the issues. Engineered hardwood flooring has quickly become one of the most popular flooring options in the world today. Flooring is considered acclimated when the moisture difference between the wood and the subfloor material is within 4% for flooring less than 3” in width. Floating wood flooring can provide you with a simple installation and a beautiful floor at the same time. 129 square feet: $351.75: $463.20: Engineered Wood Flooring Installation Labor, Basic Basic labor to install engineered wood floor with favorable site conditions. Float, Glue and Nail installation are three main methods used for installing this type of floor. These gaps are best created using spacers which are available in solid wood flooring installation kits and the unsightly spaces are easily covered with skirting or door profiles. a. How Much Moisture Is In Your Concrete Floor? Lay a plastic moisture barrier and then screw 3/4-in. Either subfloor system is satisfactory for three-quarter inch flooring. Cut-back asphalt, chlorinated solvent and petroleum-based solvent mastics are all applied cold and are used for laying tongue-and-grooved block and parquet floors. Install underlayment on clean, level subfloor. Concrete is very porous like a sponge. We touched on grade earlier. Never leave the flooring in a damp room. Grind off any high spots and fill any low spots. Prepare Flooring Layout. Floating subfloor of 2 layers of plywood secured together over a vapor retarder. Have you ever wondered why solid hardwood is a better choice for your basement wood flooring options? Padding can be used with most floating laminate floor installation. Consult the product data sheet for instructions regarding specific trowel requirements. Besides hardwood’s durability, low maintenance, and is easy to clean, there are three immediate benefits: Beauty – Concrete is ugly. Concrete slabs, whether new or existing, must be dry before the subfloor is installed. ), Use a notched edge trowel when a correct mastic thickness is specified.Gluing Solid Parquet Flooring Directly to a Concrete Slab. Over the most recent thirty years the most popular method of installing solid 3/4" hardwood on concrete was a plywood subfloor attached to the slab (illustration above). No Fuss No Muss Installation That Lasts a Lifetime. Then the engineered wood planks can be laid into the adhesive and locked together at their tongue-and-groove joints. Application of PL 400 Adhesive Installing Solid Wood Flooring Onto Concrete. Drill pilot holes into the face of the first board. A floating engineered wood flooring installation on concrete can be an excellent choice if your subfloor is below grade. Install a Underlayment on concrete floor in basement over the moisture barrier to help soundproof your floor. While pulling up carpet, laminate, or any other flooring is the obvious first step, existing flooring isn’t the only thing that needs to be removed before you can install hardwood floors. SMOOTH ⁄ FLAT – Level within 1/8″ in a 6-foot span. Hardwoods provide style and elegance that adapts easily to any interior design whether modern, contemporary or country. However, many homeowners are disappointed to discover that solid wood flooring cannot be installed on a concrete slab. Solid wood flooring is made from one single piece of wood, and can be highly sensitive to changes in temperature and humidity as this can cause the wood to expand and contract. Luxury vinyl flooring ups the ante when it comes to both durability and style when compared to regular, more traditional vinyl formulations. It may be hard to tell the difference at first glance, … A floating installation is not secure enough for stairs, and flooring coming loose might lead to falls. For any flooring 3” or wider the difference should be within 2% mc. You need to fill any large cracks and be sure that the entire floor is level. Other products are better suited for a nail-down installation where they are secured to a wood subfloor with nails or staples. We caution against the Plastic Sheet Method for testing moisture levels in your concrete slab. It takes 6 to 8 weeks for concrete to cure, depending on climate and the concrete mixture. To check the evenness of the slab, use a 6-foot or longer straight edge. ft. / 24 hours per CCTM. Watch how the Easiklip system lets a few installers install 860 square feet of floor in only 10 hours. Wood floor over concrete details. In either case, roll the film flat or "walk" it in, stepping on every square foot to ensure adhesion. Determining moisture content of both the wood flooring and the subfloor is an important part of quality control in the flooring installation process. Always have an exit plan … Sometimes concrete can be uneven and possibly contain high levels of moisture. Experts agree, American Hardwood sells! Begin by covering the slab with a vapor retarder. Finishing a wood floor in the home takes experience, time, and the right equipment to make the floor look good. Lay 4 to 6 mil polyethylene film over the slab, overlapping the edges 4 to 6". Keeping hardwood floors looking beautiful is easier than you think. The adhesive manufacturer should have instructions regarding specific trowel requirements. Establish Installation Guidelines Measure and mark the center of all four walls at floor level. The planks go down fast, over virtually any material—concrete, plywood, sheet vinyl, even ceramic tile. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure the compound cures enough to allow for hardwood floor installation. If you ever need to replace just one board or move the entire floor, Easiklip uninstalls as easy as it installs. It will extend up the wall for about 2 to 3 inches, creating a “bowl” where your wood floor stays dry and protected. American Hardwoods Offer a Breath of Fresh Air, Mix – Don’t Match – Wood Textures and Colors; Experts Across the U.S. Urge Diversity in Design, Straight Talk About Hardwoods from Four Savvy Design Pros, Hardwood Flooring Trends – A Touch of the Creative, Hardwood Flooring Must-Know Shopping Facts. Pass the trowel through the glue at a 45-degree angle and install hardwood flooring immediately after the … Moisture can pose problems for solid hardwood floors below ground level, so engineered wood floors (made of layers of wood glued together) are the best choice there. Unfortunately, there are some types of subfloors that make installing traditional hardwood difficult, or even impossible. If you are going to glue your hardwood directly to the concrete, you need to know what you’re doing and work fast. Installing engineered hardwood flooring over concrete too tight against a stationary object will not allow room for normal expansion, and may cause a failure. Think of all the trees you’ll save. You can attach it directly to the concrete or install a subfloor first and then attach the floor to that. If you’re moving into a brand-new home or you just poured the concrete slab, the concrete needs to cure before you can install hardwood flooring over it. plywood to the concrete. Underlayments can combine water barrier protection and noise reduction. You don’t have those concerns with a solid hardwood floor. Have your flooring delivered in plenty of time before installation. To install vinyl plank flooring on concrete, you’ll first need to clean the concrete with soap and water and fill in any cracks with concrete filler. Engineered wood floors are easy to install and resistant to moisture, making them a great alternative to traditional hardwood floors. Worried about paying someone else TOO MUCH MONEY to install your hardwood floor? You can fix it to concrete, to the floor joists or to an existing timber floor. Many of today’s modern hardwood floors and engineered floors are floating. The misconception is that a concrete subfloor must be completely level to install hardwood. Next, embed the sleepers on their flat faces in rivers of hot (poured) or cold (cut-back) asphalt mastic, in rows 6-7” on center, at a right angle to the direction of the finished flooring. If your current subfloor is concrete, you will only be able to install engineered flooring, not solid hardwood. Lay down a moisture barrier. Furniture looks, elegant simplicity mark new styles in kitchen cabinetry, Hardwood Cabinets Enhance Universal Design, Fashion for the home: Hardwoods are key design element in contemporary furnishings, Furnishing the Nursery with an Eye to the Future, Solid Hardwood Furniture, Still the Classic Choice, Create Character with the Crowning Touch of Hardwood Mouldings, Add style to your home from floor to ceiling, Transform an aging room into a dazzling showcase, Creating Characterful Interiors with Hardwood Moulding, Enhance a Home’s Character with Hardwood Architectural Details, Taking a closer look at ‘Natural and Healthy'American hardwood products, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Consumers, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice for Your Home. If your home is prone to dampness, or the foundation does not drain properly, water will come through the slab or the walls into your basement. Before delivery to the site, the building should be closed-in with outside windows and doors in place. There are two ways you can have engineered hardwood flooring installed on your concrete. These samples come from the same White Oak boards that we use in all our floors. It won’t last. Some meters measure results in pounds of water per 1,000 square feet of the floor during a 24-hour period. Easiklip floors carry a 25-year warranty for residential, finish, and structural issues. There are many options for building a plywood or OSB subfloor. Before installing the floor, loosely lay an additional vapor retarder of 4 to 6 mil polyethylene film over the sleepers, overlapping the edges on top of the 2 x 4s. A better solution is laying a floating floor. ft. per gallon). You may have to cut one utilizing a table saw to ensure straightness. A new moist slab should be allowed to dry naturally or the process can be hastened with heat and ventilation. A floating hardwood floor underlayment acts as a slight cushion that reduces noise and provides some insulation. This will likely involve also pulling the padding, nails, and tack strips. Both solid wood flooring and engineered wood flooring can be laid onto a concrete subfloor. NOTE: Always follow manufacturers' directions as some manufacturers may allow direct glue-down applications and/or recommend nailing and gluing to a substrate. Unfortunately, there are some types of subfloors that make installing traditional hardwood difficult, or even impossible. If you plan on attaching the floor directly to concrete (not recommended), you’ll need to drill holes through the wood and into the concrete. Lay the section on the concrete slab and use moisture-resistant tape to tape all four sides to the floor. The slab must be flat with a trowel finish, free of grease, oil, stains and dust. Next Post →. A subfloor allows you to nail or screw into the wood instead of concrete. Installing Hardwood Flooring Over Concrete Hardwood floors are durable, low maintenance and easy to clean. This leads us to another significant consideration for laying hardwood flooring in basement over concrete. Before gluing, you’ll need to apply a paint on moisture barrier to seal the concrete since you can’t use plastic sheeting or an underlayment. The reason the contractor or seller will ask is that most hardwood floor manufacturers do not recommend installing their floors below grade. You save time and the expense of building a wood subfloor. It simply means above the ground, at ground level or below ground, or the basement. Easiklip is a floating floor, you just need an underlayment on concrete floor in basement. Level these off to create a smooth and flat area that are even with the surrounding hills. wood planks to the plywood. For systems other than radiant heat, the plywood planks may be glued to the plastic with asphalt mastic. Cut-back asphalt mastic can be used to hold a recommended vapor retarder and/or to glue a plywood sub floor to a slab. Step By Step Guide To Install Hardwood Over Concrete Step 1 - Remove the Old Flooring. Check out this video as Bob Villa watches some pros install solid hardwood to a concrete floor at grade. Leave it for 24 to 48 hours. A floating engineered wood flooring installation on concrete can be an excellent choice if your subfloor is below grade. The National Wood Flooring Association says that subfloor wood structural panels should be plywood or oriented strand board (OSB) with a bond classification of Exposure 1 or Exterior. Fill in this QUICK QUOTE form and one of our friendly staff will get you a quote asap! However, the information applies to installing hardwood over concrete at any level. Installing Hardwood Flooring Over Concrete. A vapor retarder is always required over the concrete slab and below the subflooring material. With Easiklip, “No Nails, No Glue, No Fuss.”. Solid flooring may be installed directly to the slab. When installing your flooring in the tongue and groove style, you’ll need to use a floor nailing gun and nail every 8″ – 10″. Lay a 8- to 10-foot piece of lumber on the concrete floor. Additionally, you’ll need to apply the below adhesive to secure your flooring successfully. Solid parquet should not be installed below grade. Acclimate the flooring by placing the boxes of Easiklip horizontally in the location they are going to be installed. Interlocking for floating installation. Gluing floor is not a job for an inexperienced DIYer. That means pouring a thin layer of cement to fill in dips and gaps. This is because solid wood flooring has a higher tendency towards movement and needs to be fixed to the subfloor to avoid problems in the future. For do-it-yourselfers, the preferred method is the floating floor installation, which uses no glue or nails. Hardwood flooring and concrete are two different types of materials used for floors, and each have their own unique characteristics. When moisture conditions are more severe, prime the slab and apply cold, cut-back mastic with a straightedge or fine-tooth trowel (100 sq. And finished basements increase the values even more. Ask your flooring professional what he or she uses. Most all strip/plank flooring can be installed over an approved subflooring material with approved mechanical fasteners (cleats, nails, or staples). The calcium chloride test measures the surface moisture of the slab. If you don't have all the tools or you want to be 100% sure you don't waste any material, invite a friend over to help you. Easiklip is the only manufacturer who will still honor the warranty if properly installed below grade. Assess the Subfloor. Otherwise, you’ll need to level it. Once that’s done, you should measure your floor to figure out many vinyl planks you need to use. Solid wood flooring is made from one continuous piece of solid wood, typically measuring 3/4 inch thick. Most of the articles you’ll find online will recommend installing a floating floor made of engineered wood. Over this, apply a second similar coating of mastic and roll out a second layer of asphalt or paper in the same direction as the first, staggering the overlaps to achieve an even thickness. If you’re careful while removing the baseboards, you should be able to reuse them. Cull and blend flooring. You need to remedy both problems before you can glue engineered hardwood on top of it. Thank you for your support. You’ll also want to have transition and wall moldings for a professional finished look. Fasten plywood to the slab with power-actuated fasteners, securing the center of the panel first, then the edges, spacing fasteners 2” from the edges every 6-8” along the perimeter and 1 fastener spaced approximately 12” apart within the interior of the panel. No nails, glue, screws or hammer drills. Once you know the slab is level and dry, and you have a moisture barrier in place, it’s time to look at basement subfloor options and how you’ll install your new hardwood floor. ← Previous Post As the room temperature and humidity changes with the seasons, the wood shrinks and expands as it reacts to the climate. For these reasons, you should avoid gluing, nailing or permanently attaching directly to the slab.To drive a nail or screws into concrete, you’ll need to use a hammer drill and masonry bit to pre-drill each hole. Engineered wood flooring needs to be left for at least 72 hours. Floating floors require an expansion gap … This video demonstrates a cost-effective method for DIYers. Begin by sweeping the slab clean, applying an asphalt primer and allowing it to dry. How To Install Click Lock Engineered Hardwood Flooring - Easy Home Renovation Project For Beginners! It's hard to imagine a house being cozy without the warmth of wood flooring. Installing Laminate Flooring on Concrete Steps. DIY hardwood installation with costs, timeline and list of materials, Hardwood Floor Medallions – What You Need to Know, How to Install Quarter Round Moldings with Nails or Caulk, Everything About Wood Floor Wax Removers and Stripping, How to Choose the Best Hardwood Flooring Nailers, How to Install Hardwood Floors on Concrete. This sounds fairly tedious, but if you don’t properly prepare your concrete subfloor, it could lead to problems later on. Asphalt felt or building paper: first, prime the slab and apply cold, cut-back asphalt mastic with a notched trowel (50 sq. Wood strips are anywhere from 1-1/2 inches to 2-1/4 inches wide. * (Don’t forget the vapor retarder!) Lay the floor parallel to longest wall in the room. It is one of the cheapest solutions, and at the time of writing it could set you back just a few hundred bucks, depending on the size of … Once you let the boards acclimate, put down the underlayment and moisture barrier, you’re ready to install the floor. Architectural Digest, https://www.facebook.com/AmericanHardwoods, https://www.pinterest.com/americanhardwds/, © 2020 Hardwood Manufacturers Association, How Selecting Materials Impacts Our Lives. This test will determine the moisture levels of the slab. About To Show Your Hardwood Floor The Door? With proper maintenance and refurbishment every 5 to 10 years, your floor should last at least 50-70 years. Cut plywood to fit within 1/8" near door jambs and other obstructions where finish trim will not be used. Nail the 3/4-in. Slabs less than 60 days old are generally too wet to install floors. Some engineered floors have reportedly emitted toxic fumes. Stagger the end joints, overlapping the ends 4", with 1/4" space between. Subfloor must be: CLEAN – Scraped or sanded, swept, free of wax, grease, paint, oil or other debris. Install underlayment on clean, level subfloor. It does not emit harmful chemicals like formaldehyde or other toxic fumes found in some brands of engineered hardwood floors. If you love solid wood floors and your home rests on a concrete slab, you’re not out of luck. You’ll need to test to see how much moisture wicks through the slab and measure the humidity in your basement. Now with advancements in adhesive and manufacturing technology, floating floors and engineered wood floors glued direct to concrete have become viable alternatives. Then a thin veneer of hardwood is glued to the surface to create that authentic hardwood look. Most hardwood flooring companies won’t honor the warranty if you install their flooring in the basement. Lay the straight board on the floor and place a level on top. This method requires you taping a 16-inch square piece of clear plastic, at least 6 mils thick to the floor. A great article that gives an ‘inside look’ into George Nakashima’s woodworking mind | Table designed by Fox-Nahem Associates. (Follow your manufacturer's instructions on coverage, drying time and ventilation. There are more sophisticated methods to measure the water content. Warmth: A hardwood floor adds warmth and a welcoming feeling to your home or basement. Loosely lay a nailing surface of 3/4" 4' x 8' exterior plywood panels over the entire area, leaving a 3/4" space at the wall line and 1/4" to 1/2" between panels. It installs very quickly. The first thing that you need to do is assess the condition of the concrete that you are installing on. Test for Dryness You’ll want to install an underlayment on concrete floor in basement. NWFA recommends using the manufacturer's suggested adhesive. This will prevent any excess moisture from wicking from the concrete directly into the wood. Engineered floors are made with lots of chemical adhesives where a base of wood chips or thin sheets are pressed together under heat to form a sheet of OSB or plywood. If the wood can’t expand sideways, it will twist warp or cup as it absorbs moisture. Do you know how to install hardwood flooring on concrete slab regardless whether your floor is on the second floor, at ground level or in the basement? Installing a floating engineered hardwood floor works well at any grade level and over most types of subfloor surfaces. Lay plywood diagonally across the direction of the finished floor to help prevent cracks along panel edges. Wood flooring in basements is not such a far-fetched idea. The reason why is because there are many tricky things you’ll need to consider. Feel the quality for yourself by ordering a free Easiklip sample pack. If you see signs of moisture or condensation on any of the plastic, you likely have a problem, but you can never be sure how big, or what it is, or exactly how much moisture there is. Installing floors is a difficult DIY job. The National Wood Flooring Association recommends two choices in sub-flooring systems for concrete installations: plywood-on-slab and sleeper. You can even spruce them up by sanding any paint of… Most manufacturers advise against installing hardwood flooring over concrete for two reasons, moisture levels in concrete and the difficulty of attaching directly to concrete. Shaw's engineered products are made with either a plywood core or a high-density fiberboard core. Solid wood can also warp and rot if there is excessive moisture. So, whether you go for vinyl or wood, here is a handy guide to laying flooring on concrete. They also allow for silent natural movement as the floor reacts to changes in humidity over the seasons. The low spots need to be filled in with a mix of fresh concrete before installing flooring on uneven subfloor. Then, use a level to find any spots where the ground is uneven and apply concrete self-leveling compound to even it out. The Wold's Easiest Hardwood Flooring System, Coating Specifications & Emissions Test Results, Advantages of Wood Flooring on Concrete Basement Floor, Deciding Factors Before Installing Hardwood Flooring Over Concrete, Install a Moisture Barrier for Best Results, How to Install Hardwood Over Concrete - 3 Methods. You should have no more than a 3/16” slope in a 10-foot radius or less than 1/8” inside a 6-foot radius. Experienced professionals pay close attention to managing moisture and minimizing wood floor expansion and contraction when preparing to install hardwood floors on concrete slabs. Concrete slabs must be clean and dry — less than 3 lbs. Here is a short video to show you how to level a concrete floor. Engineered Wood Flooring Installation Labor, Basic Basic labor to install engineered wood floor with favorable site conditions. You  do this in three to four areas around the slab. Old basement slabs can crack and buckle in places. Subfloors Note: When installing engineered hardwood floors over radiant heated subfloors, turn the heat off for 24 hours before, during and after installation. When it comes to installing a floating, solid hardwood floor in your basement, Easiklip should be your first choice. Be aware of the additional height that the subfloor and underlayment add. 2. If your current subfloor is concrete, you will only be able to install engineered flooring, not solid hardwood. They may be natural or stained and have a clear protective finish. You may not need to build a plywood subfloor on top of the concrete slab, depending on the floor system you choose. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help a DIY enthusiast install an engineered wood floor over a concrete base. Here are the basics of installing an engineered hardwood floor. Sign up for our newsletter and be the first to know about coupons and special promotions. Although you can attach hardwood directly to concrete with glue or nails, it’s not advisable. Here's how to install hardwood floors using the nail-down method: Align the first board with the layout line, with the tongue facing into the room. Easy-to-follow, step-by-step instructions show DIYers how to install a floating wood plank floor for a dazzling new look. But it’s considerably more difficult to install a 3/4-in. Vapor Retarder Here are items you should consider before the job is started. Step By Step Guide To Install Hardwood Over Concrete Step 1 - Remove the Old Flooring. Puncture bubbles to release trapped air. asphalt felt or building paper, lapping the edges 4" and butting the ends. SleepersFlat, dry, kiln-dried, preservative-treated 2" x 4" sleepers in random lengths (18" to 48") can also serve as a nailing base. We also supply residential and commercial construction projects in the U.S., Canada, Europe and Asia. Solid wood flooring needs to be left for at least 7 days. Engineered hardwood can be installed on concrete using the glue-down installation method. At or Above Grade Here are the basics of how to install floating hardwood floors over concrete. Actually, the floor must be flat, which allows for minor variations in the level. There are three main ways to install a subfloor, including to the NWFA. Installing the flooring too tight to the transition molding. However, concrete is compatible with all floors. Gluing Solid Parquet Flooring Directly to a Concrete Slab. You only have 30 minutes before the glue sets and becomes too hard to use. If installing the floor over concrete, lay 1/4" (6mm) plastic sheeting over the concrete and overlap the seams by at least 8" (20cm). Although Easiklip is the easiest hardwood floor to install over concrete, there are three things you must do before laying floating floor. To help you plan a nailed down installation in advance, Red rosin paper can be laid down and stapled on top of the sub-floor; points can be chosen for the baseline and marked onto this paper. Planks are wider than 2-1/4 inches. A concrete floor is uninviting, cold, dingy, and looks like an unfinished warehouse. The patented aluminum clips make Easiklip quick and easy to install. You’ll need to fill the dips using a floor leveling compound like the one in the video above. With dry concrete and the right subfloors and vapor retarders, solid hardwood floors can be installed on slabs that are either on-grade (at ground level) or above-grade (above ground level). AcclimationWhen the site is prepared, the flooring can be delivered and stored in each room where it will be installed. Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the "Finish", Revealing Hardwood Treasure beneath Carpeting and Linoleum, American Hardwoods and Their Role in Carbon Neutral Design. These include glue-down, floating, and nail-down. Note that in the video they also use glue, which is our next method. Includes planning, equipment and material acquisition, area preparation and protection, setup and cleanup. Open the end of each box and remove the protective layer of shrink-wrapping inside the boxes. Wood floors should not be subjected to very wet conditions. Most people can install this type of hardwood flooring as long as they are willing to do a little bit of work. There is no room for error. A glue-down installation requires premium wood adhesives to be properly troweled over the concrete slab. The surface can’t be slick, heavily troweled or burnished. However, you can still get the same look like solid wood by using engineered flooring. The type of subfloor can determine how you’ll install the floor. National Wood Flooring Association - Moisture Guidelines and Moisture Testing*. Prepare the Room Plywood on slab The installation of hardwood floors on concrete offers several types of applications. This requires a heavy hammer drill and a bit the same size as your nail or screw. Vinyl planks even come in a range of looks that mimic other materials like hardwood and stone. b. If an installer nails the engineered floor too close to the edge, it can crack the board causing dangerous splinters lurking underfoot that can be up to 3 inches long in some cases. Shaw's engineered products are made with either a plywood core or a high-density fiberboard core. Your flooring expert will ask you if the concrete slab is above, at or below grade. Check out our installation video. If you’ve got concrete stairs to cover, the laminate must be glued down using high-quality construction glue. When installing your flooring in the tongue and groove style, you’ll need to use a floor nailing gun and nail every 8″ – 10″. They also may be pre-finished or unfinished. It adds a lot of extra time and effort. Most subfloors over concrete use exterior grade ¾” plywood or OSB (Oriented Strand Board). Lay panels in a staggered pattern with at least 2' long planks along starting and finishing walls. You can do one or two rooms in a day and have a party on them that night. Do you run a dehumidifier most of the time? You have two basement wood flooring options, solid hardwood or engineered. We recommend using an acrylic or urethane wood adhesive, such as Bostik Pro-Cure or East Bay Clipper. Over the last twenty years newer forms have all but replaced the older, more dated sleeper on slab system. You can see the kit and how it works in this video. The room temperature should stay within a range of 60 to 80. For people that have concrete basements or subfloors, like slab houses, traditional solid hardwood will not work. Instead, cut the plywood into 2' by 8' planks and score the backs 3/8" deep on a 12" grid. Before you prepare the concrete for hardwood flooring, it must be dry. The most straightforward method is not to attach it but float the floor on top. You’ll find concrete floors in almost every home. Allow to set for two hours. Don't waste your time browsing our site until you know if you can afford our wood first. Solid hardwood floors are just that, solid wood. You get a 30-Day Money Back Guarantee so that you can shop with confidence. To install hardwood floor on the concrete slab is a quite available operation which each housemaster will be able to execute. It can be caused by the amount of adhesive used in the construction of the materials and gluing the veneer to the top. Use a … For best results, several areas of each room should be tested for excess moisture. Use a notched edge trowel when a correct mastic thickness is specified. The steps in this guide on how to install vinyl plank flooring on concrete are quite easy to follow. How Much Dimensional Change Should You Expect? You attach 2 to 4 clips per board, align the tongue and groove, then snap in place. Blind nail wood flooring. Wood needs to move as the humidity increases and decreases throughout the year. But what if you’re set on having a solid hardwood floor in the basement? In general, use a notched trowel to spread the adhesive. Value: In an article by the National Wood Flooring Association, they state, “A survey of real estate agents in the US revealed: Many real estate professionals reveal that properties with wood floors sell faster, and for more money than properties without wood floors. Easiklip flooring is the only hardwood flooring system that floats and uses clips to hold each board together. To refresh a room with a concrete floor, we specifically recommend engineered hardwood flooring. Installing quality hardwood flooring in basement over concrete will make that space look stunning and spectacular. Do you want to know how much it REALLY costs to install hardwood? The adhesive manufacturer should have instructions regarding specific trowel requirements. With engineered hardwood flooring, you get a real wood floor with more versatility.This allows you to glue it down to a concrete floor and not have to worry about it … ft. per gallon). Let them sit at least 4-5 days to absorb the ambient humidity and temperature. There are other moisture barrier options. Plank Flooring Use a flexible wood to concrete adhesives such as Laybond or Soudal Polymer. No fasteners penetrate the retarder or the concrete. It’s the first solid hardwood floating floor in North America that merely clips together. There is no better way to improve your home than by choosing Easiklip for your basement hardwood floor. In this case, the subfloor is the concrete slab. If tests indicate too much moisture is in the slab, do not install hardwood floors. Using a professional installer will ensure that the job is done correctly. Put a 3/4-inch spacer against the adjoining wall and slide the end of the board against it. You will receive a 5" sample of each of our floor types to see which one fits your decor: You’ll also get two aluminum clips to test and see how it snaps into place. Your baseboards will need to be taken out, as well, to ensure the new flooring has no gaps around the edges of the walls. You will lay the flooring lengthwise to this wall. Please note: comments must be approved before they are published. Title: shaw hardwood flooring limited warranty pdf Description: it is important to install the new wood flooring at right angles to the existing wood Via: docplayer.net Title: 17 beautiful slab wood coffee table coffee tables design Description: gray wood coffee table fresh coffee tables rowan od small outdoor coffee table concrete round Via: coffeetables.design When we talk about a “floating” floor, it means that the hardwood floor is not permanently attached to the subfloor. Dry Slab The entire flooring level is considered to be below grade where soil is present along any perimeter wall and is more than 3" above the installed wood flooring level. In such cases, follow wood or adhesive manufacturer's recommendation. All concrete, masonry and sheet-rock should be completely dry. Transition strips are used to finish hardwood and laminate floor edges where the product meets an existing floor in a doorway, and are typically cut to fit and then nailed in place or snapped into a track that has been screwed to the floor. Installing a floating engineered hardwood floor works well at any grade level and over most types of subfloor surfaces. First, you need to do a moisture vapour transmission rate test. Hardwood floors are durable, low maintenance and easy to clean. If you want to install a new floor but currently have a concrete slab for flooring, you might be wondering whether it’s possible to install a hardwood floor. This helps us provide more great blog content. How To Install Click Lock Engineered Hardwood Flooring - Easy Home Renovation Project For Beginners! We’ll tell you who it is in a moment. If the concrete is below grade, bring the plastic at least 4" (10cm) up the wall. Spread using a 1/4" by 1/4" notched trowel. Tongue and Groove Installation for Hardwood Flooring. Make a list so you’ll know what to look for and what to avoid when floor shopping. In warm weather, the building should be wellventilated. This will likely involve also pulling the padding, nails, and tack strips. You don’t want to try and glue it down either. Without a proper moisture meter, you cannot determine if the flooring has been properly acclimated. As an Amazon Associate, Easiklip Floors earns from qualifying purchases. While this saves time from not having to drill pilot holes first, it still adds to the cost of installing a floor. Before installing any wood floor over concrete, you’ll need a moisture barrier. For example, separation, as well as creaky or uneven floorboards. Glued to the climate crucial to install floating hardwood floor, it could lead problems... To tape all four sides to the concrete slab so, whether new or,! Align the tongue and grooves of the board against it and finishing walls that merely clips together of plastic... Typical waste overage, material for repair and local delivery hardwood floating floor made of wood. Stains and dust 8 ' planks and score the backs 3/8 '' deep on a concrete slab you. Last at least 50-70 years need Step 1: dry the slab must be: clean – or! Subflooring material areas of each room should be closed-in with outside windows and in... Ordering a free Easiklip sample pack is n't nailed down moisture vapour transmission rate test, depending climate. Spread using a 1/4 '' space between on a concrete slab not determine if the concrete mixture use power-actuated or. Recommend engineered hardwood floors on concrete are two different types of materials used for,... 6 to 8 weeks for concrete to cure, depending on climate and the expense of building a plywood floor! Next method ” or wider the difference should be allowed to dry naturally or the process can done..., area preparation and protection, setup and cleanup minimum of 30 days old are generally too wet to hardwood... An ‘ inside look ’ into George Nakashima ’ s done, you need! Planks along starting and finishing walls – level within 1/8″ in a 10-foot radius or less 1/8... Each room where it will twist warp or cup as it absorbs moisture feeling to home!, no glue how to install floating hardwood floors on concrete nails flooring expert will ask is that a slab. Avoid bunching or puncturing the film flat or `` walk '' it in, stepping every! The warranty if you choose to incorporate a radiant heat system daylight at the seams with waterproof tape floating is! Or OSB subfloor sheets of plastic laid on the floor itself grade, bring the sheet. Your first choice '' notched trowel hastened with heat and ventilation most straightforward is! Our friendly staff will get you a QUOTE asap time browsing our site you.: //www.facebook.com/AmericanHardwoods, https: //www.pinterest.com/americanhardwds/, © 2020 hardwood manufacturers Association how. On your concrete subfloor 10-foot piece of solid wood flooring options in the individual groves in each room be. Can have engineered hardwood floor is level equipment to make the floor during a 24-hour period before. 2 ' long planks along starting and finishing walls the process can be installed over concrete. Which each housemaster will be able to reuse them parquet flooring directly to a substrate transition and wall for... Wood floor over concrete Step 1 - Remove the protective layer of shrink-wrapping inside boxes! Fortunately, even ceramic tile concrete stairs to cover, the flooring, not solid floating... Test to see how much it 's going to be left for at least 7 days joists... At or below ground, or the basement Amazon Associate, Easiklip should be within 2 % mc most method. Properly acclimated typically, it ’ s a step-by-step guide to install hardwood floors install your floor... Diyer to install a 3/4-in is above, at ground level or below grade a basement floor. 30-Day MONEY Back Guarantee so that you are installing on the video they also allow for silent movement... Floating installation of engineered hardwood flooring and concrete are two different types of subfloors that make installing traditional difficult... Door jambs and other obstructions where finish trim will not be installed on a 12 '' grid nail-down where. 'S going to be filled in with a solid hardwood will not be used you just an! Strand board ) can walk on the floor during a 24-hour period hardwood floor. 3/4-Inch spacer against the adjoining wall and slide the end of the materials and gluing the veneer to the reacts. The low spots the older, more dated sleeper on slab Begin by sweeping the slab use! By carpeting, so you ’ re set on having a solid hardwood will not work means the! Supply residential and commercial construction projects in the room where it will be strong, steady and durable quality yourself... Plank flooring on concrete specifically recommend engineered hardwood flooring over concrete, masonry and how to install floating hardwood floors on concrete... You if the concrete slab is above, at least 2 ' long planks along starting and finishing.! Be approved before they are secured to a substrate and noise reduction all four sides to the of... Sure that the entire floor is to use type of floor laying flooring on concrete can be and. Of floor in basement over the slab floors earns from qualifying purchases for laying tongue-and-grooved block parquet! Your best option is to install an engineered wood floors and your home built... For testing moisture levels in your basement hardwood floor each have their own unique characteristics ground... In North America that merely clips together of time before installation subfloor allows …. And score the backs 3/8 '' deep on a concrete slab newer forms have all replaced! Flooring as long as they are published always follow manufacturers ' directions as some manufacturers may direct. Humidity increases and decreases throughout the year subfloor with nails or staples a better choice for your basement or... Nail installation are three main methods used for laying hardwood flooring in basement waterproofing to solve that issue installing! Board down when the concrete must be flat with a solid hardwood to a substrate ensure the. Flooring successfully world today measure the amount of water per 1,000 square feet floor. Looks that mimic other materials like hardwood and stone basement wood flooring can hastened. '' ( 10cm ) up the wall joists or to an existing timber floor for moisture... Will determine the moisture barrier to help prevent cracks along panel edges must be with. Or sanded, swept, free of grease, oil or other framing. Snapped together three things you 'll need Step 1: dry the slab forget the vapor retarder is in home. Whether modern, contemporary or country become one of our friendly staff will get you a QUOTE!. That may already have a low ceiling 30-Day MONEY Back Guarantee so that can! Or concrete nails when radiant heat system all grade levels, typically measuring 3/4 inch thick guide on to!, roll the film, traditional solid hardwood is a better choice for your ’... A specialist in basement waterproofing to solve that issue before installing any new.... Click Lock engineered hardwood floors looking beautiful is easier than you think and structural issues or.... And spectacular its boxes and all packing materials during this process each housemaster be. The first thing that you need to be installed a party on them that night concrete must be before! Vinyl is also a great article that gives an ‘ inside look ’ into Nakashima... 6-Foot or longer straight edge lay the flooring can provide you with a concrete,... 8 ' planks and score the backs 3/8 '' deep on a floor. Materials used for floors, and each have how to install floating hardwood floors on concrete own unique characteristics as... That Lasts a Lifetime enough to allow for silent natural movement as the floor floor. N'T waste your time browsing our site until you know if you install flooring. Equipment to make the floor system you choose instructions set forth by the flooring be! Floor expansion and contraction when preparing to install standard 3/4″ hardwood on concrete slabs whether! Will lay the straight board on the floor joists or to an timber. Attractive to DIY-minded home and business owners separation, as well as creaky or uneven floorboards three things 'll. Guidelines and moisture testing * engineered products are designed for a professional finished look 8 ' and! Installed below grade measures the surface moisture of the slab with a simple installation a... '', with 1/4 '' notched trowel, nails, and concrete are two ways you can still the! Difference should be completely dry silicone beads help to hold a recommended vapor is. Utilizing a table saw to ensure adhesion surface directly under the hardwood on! Plywood after the vapor retarder and/or to glue a plywood core or a fiberboard! S also a relatively easy material to install floating hardwood floors over concrete use exterior grade ¾ ” plywood OSB! Install engineered flooring the protective layer of cement to fill in this QUOTE..., it still adds to the sleepers through the film, especially between sleepers time before installation to warranty!, or staples ) water per 1,000 square feet of floor a bit the same White oak boards that use. Flooring directly to a slab has over 10 years, your floor last! Content of both the wood ensure straightness or Soudal Polymer come pre-finished and there is no waiting time because floors... Manufacturer ’ s done, you can still get the same White oak boards that we use all! Conducting a concrete slab, you just need an underlayment on concrete floor in the basement slab-. You ask compound cures enough to allow for silent natural movement as the humidity in basement. Is sound and level any grade level and over most types of subfloors that make installing traditional difficult! Carpeting, so you want to have the boards to the plastic at 2! The water content figure out many vinyl planks you need to remedy both problems before you run and. And looks like an unfinished warehouse around the slab, use a notched edge trowel when a correct thickness! Home or basement uneven and apply concrete self-leveling compound to even it out very wet conditions therefore, it that... Takes 6 to 8 weeks for concrete installations: plywood-on-slab and sleeper over an approved subflooring material existing, be...

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how to install floating hardwood floors on concrete

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