... Puerto Rico's merchandise trade surplus is exceptionally strong, with exports nearly 50% greater than imports, and its current account surplus about 10% of GDP. The iconic fortress Castillo San Felipe del Morro (or more commonly, “ El Morro ”), has stood guard over San Juan’s shores for centuries. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The main island of Puerto Rico is about 110 miles (177 km) long (west to east) and 35 miles (56.3 km) wide (north to south), and covers 3,515 square miles (9,104 square km) — slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island, according to the Central Intelligence Agency. Puerto Rico - Geography Puerto Rico is the smallest of the Greater Antilles chain, which also includes Cuba, Jamaica, and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic). The Cordillera Central has a break in the area of Caguas, and the mountain range located northeast is the Sierra de Luquillo. The mountains are the easternmost extension of a tightly folded and faulted ridge that extends from the Central American mainland across the northern Caribbean to the Lesser Antilles. Geography of Puerto Rico. Virtually all of the coastal plain is in intensive agriculture, roads, or under urbanization. Postgraduate Rankings 2019; SportBusiness Review. The municipality of Gurabo has a history that dates back to the 17th century when it was part of Caguas. Physical Geography; Culture and Lifestyle; Resources; The Size of Puerto Rico and it's Neighboring Nations. Explore similarities and differences. The island’s highest mountain range, the Cordillera Central, trends east-west and exceeds 3,000 feet (900 metres) in many areas; its slopes are somewhat gentle in the north but rise sharply from the south coast to the loftier peaks, topped at about 4,390 feet (1,338 metres) by Cerro de Punta, the highest point on the island. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? Puerto Rico: NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC Adventure Maps Blazewrath Games (English Edition) The Man Who Sailed Around His Soul Children's Songs and Games from Ecuador, Mexico, and Puerto Rico San Juan: Christmas Notebook With Retro Puerto Rico Sunset Holiday Palm Tree Design. Puerto Ricans of African heritage makes up the second-largest ethnic group in Puerto Rico, accounting for 12.4% of the total population. Cerro de Punta is just north of Ponce within the Toro Negro Commonwealth Forest and can be accessed by Route 143 (Luis Muñoz Marín Panoramic Highway). Approximately 5 percent of Puerto Rico’s forest area is under protection. Puerto Rico has a tropical climate with little seasonal variation, although local conditions vary according to elevation and exposure to rain-bearing winds. Numerous varieties of fish abound in the surrounding waters, but edible and inedible species mingle together, limiting commercial fishing there. The average daily temperature in the lowlands is about 78 °F (26 °C), but relatively high humidity makes daytime temperatures feel warmer. Castillo San Felipe del Morro | Prayitno/Filckr. The three distinct physiographic regions are divided into the karst areas, the coastal lowlands and the mountainous region. TYPE OF GOVERNMENT • Puerto Rico is a self-governing commonwealth in association with the United States. The highest elevation in Puerto Rico, Cerro de Punta 4,390 feet (1,340 m), is located in this range. It is an island surrounded by the Altlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Puerto rico 1. Puerto Rico is an archipelago among the Greater Antilles located between the Dominican Republic and the U.S. Virgin Islands; it includes the eponymous main island and several smaller islands, such as Mona, Culebra, and Vieques.The capital and most populous city is San Juan. La Puerta de la Bandera in Old San Juan, painted black and white in protest of Puerto Rico's independence. Top three: murals with a meaning. Although Puerto Rican relief is relatively low by continental standards, the island sits less than 100 miles (160 km) south of a precipitous depression in Earth’s crust: an extensive submarine feature of the Atlantic known as the Puerto Rico Trench, which descends to more than 5 miles (8 km) below sea level—the Atlantic’s deepest point—at a site northeast of the Dominican Republic. Geographical Coordinates: 18 15 … Former Secretary-General, Association of Caribbean Universities and Research Institutes, San Juan, Puerto Rico. Mit dem Pariser Vertrag von 1898 trat Spanien Puerto Rico an die US-Regierung ab, und bis 1900 hatten die USA eine Zivilregierung auf der Insel etabliert. Although some woodlands have been replanted since the mid-20th century, introduced varieties of trees, shrubs, and grasses now predominate. Today, extensive areas of aggregate and road gravel are being consumed. There are thousands of caves and sinkholes in the region. There are also caves, deserts, oceans, rivers and stunning beaches. The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest and most eastern of the Greater Antilles. Page last modified: document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island and U.S. territory with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls, and tropical rainforest.. Research Professor of History, University of Puerto Rico, 1969–80. Read our July issue The Geography of Puerto Rico. Two small islands off the east coast, Vieques and Culebra, are administratively parts of Puerto Rico, as is Mona Island to the west. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Puerto Rico. The high mountains exhibit high degrees of slope to the south and east, and the north slopes are heavily eroded with numerous river valleys. The island is mostly mountainous with large coastal areas in the north and south. Puerto Rico is somewhat smaller than the state of Connecticut. Puerto Rico - Puerto Rico - Settlement patterns: In the early 16th century Spanish explorers founded San Juan, which prospered throughout the colonial period as a trading port. A year later, the settlement was moved to a site then called Puerto Rico, Spanish for "rich port" or "good port", after its similar geographical features to the town of Puerto Rico of Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands. Total Size: 13,790 square km. Puerto Rico, also known as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, is a self-governing organized territory of the United States of America.This means that Puerto Ricans are citizens of the U.S. Its land cover is variable, with much of the center of the island consumed by high mountains (40 percent), surrounded by foothills (35 percent), and a narrow coastal plain (25 percent). The south slopes tend to be dry much of the year owing to the orographic rain shadow. The island is mostly mountainous with large coastal areas in the north and south. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Puerto Rico, officially Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Spanish Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, self-governing island commonwealth of the West Indies, associated with the United States. Figure 2. There are the coastal lowalands which provide sandy beaches and natural harbors. San Juan receives about 60 inches (1,525 mm) of precipitation per year, whereas El Yunque Peak farther east receives 180 inches (4,570 mm), and Ponce on the south coast receives only 36 inches (914 mm). Most of the island’s original vegetation was removed through centuries of agricultural exploitation, particularly during the first two decades of the 20th century, when farm settlers and plantation workers destroyed large tracts of coastal forest and used the lumber for railroad ties and fuel. Approximately 25 percent of the island is above 305 meters (1,000 feet) altitude. Puerto Rico has both Spanish and English for its official languages. The territory's total population is approximately 3.2 million, more than 20 U.S. states. The islands of Mona, Vieques, and Culebra are generally hilly but ringed by narrow coastal plains; Vieques rises to 988 feet (301 metres) at Mount Pirata. The island’s other colonial settlements, also predominantly coastal, expanded slowly. Six months after Hurricane Maria, Puerto Ricans are still recovering. Here are 10 facts about poverty in Puerto Rico. Erst zwei Jahrzehnte später besuchte der National Geographic-Fotograf Charles Martin die Insel: Es war das Jahr 1924 – nur sieben Jahre nachdem den Puertoricanern offiziell die US-Staatsbürgerschaft verliehen wurde. Puerto Rico is an unincorporated island territory of the United States of America, located in the north-eastern Caribbean Sea. Puerto Rico has more than 200 species of birds, but land animals are mostly confined to nonpoisonous snakes, lizards, mongooses, and the coquí (Eleutherodactylis portoricensis), a frog whose name is onomatopoeic with its call (“co-kee!”) and which has become a kind of national mascot. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. Dealers With an Agreement Covering Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, the US Virgin Islands and Geographies Across the Caribbean and Central America . Puerto Rico is largely composed of mountainous and hilly terrain, with nearly one-fourth of the island covered by steep slopes. Puerto Rico is not a state, it is an unincorporated territory of the United States. Geography :: Puerto Rico. Keep watching and subscribe, as more states will follow! (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); Puerto Rico is the smallest of the Greater Antilles chain, which also includes Cuba, Jamaica, and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic). Geography. The island of Puerto Rico has surprising geographical diversity with some 60% of the island's terrain being very hilly. The river courses on the south coast are dry most of the year, carrying water only after rainfall. Puerto Rico: Municipalities - Map Quiz Game: Puerto Rico is divided into 78 municipalities, and this quiz game will help you memorize them all. Geography. Puerto Rico has a long history of earthquakes, although large events are rare. Search for: Subscribe; Log In; Home. Distribution of mean annual precipitation in Puerto Rico (Public domain.) Puerto Rico, officially known as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico), is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of both the U.S. Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands. Puerto Rico is the easternmost point of the Greater Antilles with an area covering 3,435 square miles. Author of. All totaled, in the Greater and Lesser Antilles, there are approximately 7,000 islands that make up what are called the West Indies. This 11 200-hectare (28,000-acre) forest is a biosphere reserve site and attracts about three quarters of a million visitors per year. Size Comparison: slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island. This range also has a series of peaks in excess of 915 meters (3,000 feet), and these peaks experience the highest amounts of rainfall on the island. Mixed race is the third-largest group, with over 122,000 people identifying themselves as of at least two races. Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic. Puerto Rico’s precipitation mainly falls on the north-facing mountain slopes, so that most of the permanent rivers flow from the interior to the north and west coasts, including the Grande de Loíza, Grande de Arecibo, and Grande de Añasco rivers—all of which are some 40 miles (65 km) long—and La Plata, which extends 46 miles (75 km). The easternmost island of the Greater Antilles chain, it lies approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of the Dominican Republic, 40 miles (65 km) west of the Virgin Islands, and 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of the U.S. state of Florida. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean Sea, about 1,000 mi east-southeast of Miami, Fla. A possession of the United States, it consists of the island of Puerto Rico plus the adjacent islets of Vieques, Culebra, and Mona. Hurricanes develop in the region between June and November and occasionally traverse the island, including a storm in 1899 that killed about 3,000 Puerto Ricans; other devastating but less lethal hurricanes occurred in 1928, 1932, 1956, 1989, 1998, and 2017. Wer Puerto Rico erkunden möchte, biegt ab dem Städtchen Aguadilla schnellstmöglich auf die Ruta Panoramica ab. It is positioned at the north end of a group of lesser islands that form an arc running down to Venezuela 847 kilometers (525 miles) to the south. Puerto Rico, called Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico in Spanish, is not a country on its own. Originally built by the Spanish in the 1500s, El Morro is one of Puerto Rico’s most recognizable landmarks—you’ve definitely seen it on every Puerto Rico postcard, ever. It is 56 kilometers (35 miles) north to south, 176 kilometers (110 miles) east to west, and is rectangular in shape. var d = new Date(); "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; What Puerto Rico can teach us about surviving climate change. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. The Dominican Republic, The Bahamas, and the Britich Virgin Islands are all near Puerto Rico. The island is approximately 90 miles wide in an east-west direction and 30 miles wide between the north and south coasts. San Felipe del Morro (also called El Morro) castle, on a high bluff overlooking San Juan Bay, Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico’s southern region, which includes the Caribbean coast and its second-largest city, Ponce, is hot but drier than the northern part of the island. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; Adjuntas is a mountainside municipality that's nicknamed "the Switzerland of Puerto Rico." Photograph by Alamy. In the early 1500s, gold was mined, but gold was basically gone by the 1570s. The municipality of Gurabo has a history that dates back to the 17th century when it was part of Caguas. The geography of Puerto Rico consists of an archipelago located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic, west of the Virgin Islands and north of Venezuela. The highest elevation in Puerto Rico, Cerro de Punta 4,390 feet (1,340 m), is located in this range. Geography Puerto Rico is an island east of the Dominican Republic and west of the British Virgin Islands. Updates? This assures a fairly reliable source of rain and occasionally a hurricane or two. The island of Puerto Rico is a very popular tourist destination because of its location, rich history and warm atmostphere. In this video you can find seven little known facts about Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico’s geological formations have yielded very few mineable mineral resources. the coastal valleys which are humid and used to grow suger cane coconuts and fruit. Puerto Ricans, or puertorriqueños, have an intermingled Spanish, U.S., and Afro-Caribbean culture. Puerto Rico is situated in north east of Caribbean Sea, between the Dominican Republic and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Mountains can be seen from anywhere on the island. Location: This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. Tropical rainforests cover parts of the north side of the island, and thorn and scrub vegetation predominates on the drier south side. The Caguas Basin, in the Grande de Loíza River valley south of San Juan, is the largest of several basins in the mountains that provide level land for settlements and agriculture. Auf den 269 Kilometern geht es durch Bergregionen, Bambuswälder, verlassene Orte und Kaffeeplantagen. the foothills which have jagged peaks and round basins. What are the islands of the Maldives made of? All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Puerto Rico Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. National Geographic’s latest travel stories about Puerto Rico None of Puerto Rico’s rivers is large enough for navigation, but several northward-flowing rivers are harnessed for municipal water supplies, irrigation, and hydroelectricity, and along the south coast irrigation is essential for agriculture. Puerto Rico, Discover a Magnificent and Unique Island. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); During tropical storms and hurricanes, rivers on the south coast may become rapid torrents that flood extensive areas and often kill domestic grazing animals or human squatters living in the dry riverbeds or flood plains. • Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean and east of the Dominican Republic. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Wikipedia (CC-BY-SA 3.0) Adjuntas is a mountainside municipality that's nicknamed "the Switzerland of Puerto Rico." On the north and east side is the Atlantic Ocean, and on the south and west is the Caribbean Sea. Pockets of alluvial soils on the south coast are somewhat fertile, but all farmlands there are fertilized. Some commercial gypsum, dolomite, and phosphate have been mined. Puerto Rico Bevölkerung 2019 Unserer Schätzung zufolge umfasst die Bevölkerung Puerto Rico 3 658 607 Menschen Ende 2019. Landscape of Puerto Rico. It is the smallest island in the Greater … The land area of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands is 8897 square kilometers (3,435 square miles). Rain falls each month of the year, but the heaviest precipitation occurs between May and December. Puerto Rico wurde 1952 zum Commonwealth der Vereinigten Staaten, was der Insel mehr Autonomie in lokalen Angelegenheiten wie Wahlen, Steuern, Bildung, Gesundheit, Wohnen und Kultur verlieh. The island is very hilly, 75% of the island is made up of mountains or hills. There is a continuous but narrow lowland along the north coast, where most people live, and smaller bands along the south and west coasts that also include densely populated areas. https://www.britannica.com/place/Puerto-Rico, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Puerto Rico, GlobalSecurity.org - Puerto Rico Military Guide, LiveScience - Puerto Rico: Geography, History and Other Facts, Puerto Rico - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Puerto Rico - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The island is known for its beautiful beaches and Spanish Caribbean culture with an American twist. Arecibo is this and more to Puerto Rico because it has gone beyond an icon,” Rivera-Valentín writes. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The capital is San Juan. The island lies directly in the path of the trade winds that blow from the Atlantic Ocean to the east. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); Quick facts about the people, history, and geography of the Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico Facts. Puerto Rico. The Luquillo range includes the El Yunque National Forest, also designated as the Luquillo Experimental Forest and known as the world-famous Luquillo Rain Forest or El Yunque. The island’s social and economic conditions are generally advanced by Latin American standards, partly because of its ties with the United States (including the presence of U.S.-owned manufacturing plants and military bases in the commonwealth). The island is located in the Caribbean, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic, about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Miami, Florida. The northwestern foothills and lowlands are characterized by karst features, including sinkholes (sumideros), caverns, and eroded mogotes, or haystack hills (pepinos). Puerto Rico ist die östlichste Insel der Großen Antillen in der Karibik tausend Meilen südöstlich von Florida und östlich der Dominikanischen Republik und westlich der US-amerikanischen Jungfrau Inseln. 3. What is the world’s largest archipelago? var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { Adjacent to the coast, the land is fairly level and has been converted to agriculture, urban development, and transportation corridors. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 12-01-2017 18:44:11 ZULU. Although that relationship has become politically controversial, the vast majority of Puerto Rican voters have continued to favour permanent union with the United States, with a slightly greater number favouring the current commonwealth relationship rather than statehood. The main mountain range is called "La Cordillera Central" (The Central Range). They are called the Lesser Antilles and include the U.S. and British Virgin Islands, French Guadeloupe, Martinique, and numerous other islands down to Grenada, Barbados, and Trinidad. Die Panoramastraße zieht sich einmal quer durch die Insel. It is an island surrounded by the Altlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Vieques lies about 7 miles (11.3 km) east of the main island and is approximately … Puerto Rico, Geography.  As a result, localized droughts occur yearly within many of the geographic areas of Puerto Rico. Many formerly cultivated and eroded areas in the mountains have been set aside as forest preserves. Puerto Rico is divided into 78 municipalities, and this quiz game will help you memorize them all. Sand dune areas and beaches such as at Isabela, Piñones, Luquillo, and Boquerón dot the coastline. PUERTO RICO Rachel Lichtenstein and Jennifer Morganti Pd. It is located in the Caribbean Sea. La Puerta de la Bandera, Old San Juan A wooden door painted in the omni-present flag of Puerto Rico has become both a landmark and symbol of the impenetrable Boricua pride. Britain's American colonies broke with the mother country in 1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. Approximately 3.3 million people live on the island but, due to rising problems, a larger mass exodus is occurring than in the 1950s. Some of the rivers periodically run underground in association with caves. Puerto Rico has four main regions. Thoughtco Mar 26, 2020. Vintage Soft Cover Travel Journal Diary With Lined Wide Ruled Paper. Puerto Rico - the easternmost island nation and a part of the Greater Antilles Chain; is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Wikipedia (CC-BY-SA 3.0) Skip Navigation ☰ About Puerto Rico; Culture and Life; Places to Go; Plan Your Trip; Fast Facts About Puerto Rico. It is a self-governing commonwealth affiliated with the United States. Puerto Rico is the 163rd largest country in the world. GEOGRAPHY • The capital of Puerto Rico is San Juan. Several small offshore islands are part of Puerto Rico, but only two are inhabited year-round: Vieques and Culebra. Plant life is abundant and varied. The main mountain range is called "La Cordillera Central" (The Central Range). Puerto Rico. var script = document.createElement("script"); San Juan (/ ˌ s æ n ˈ hw ɑː n /, Spanish: [saŋ ˈxwan]; "Saint John") is the capital and most-populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States.As of the 2010 census, it is the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of the United States, with a population of 395,326. Near the island’s eastern tip, the partly isolated Sierra de Luquillo rises to 3,494 feet (1,065 metres) at El Yunque Peak. Kissing Game/Puerto Rico [Vinyl Single] 1 - Track 1; … It is roughly rectangular in shape, extending up to 111 miles (179 km) from east to west and 39 miles (63 km) from north to south. Northeast trade winds bring heavy rainfall to the north coast, while the south coast is in a rain shadow. Puerto Rico is an archipelago, with a main island where most of the population lives, two smaller islands (Vieques and Culebra) with residents, and many other smaller islands. Puerto Rico is 145 kilometers (90 miles) from the Dominican Republic to the west and 67 kilometers (40 miles) from the U.S. Virgin Islands to the east. 5 2. It is situated in the northeastern Caribbean Sea, its northern shore facing the Atlantic Ocean. } It’s game over for the Arecibo Observatory, home to an iconic, thousand-foot-wide radio telescope near Puerto Rico’s northern shore.Yesterday, the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced that it is decommissioning the massive 57-year-old telescope.The agency also intends to demolish the instrument, which is teetering on the verge of collapse. Its coastline is 500 kilometers (311 miles) with numerous harbors and beaches. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Puerto Rico is the 163rd largest country in the world. Puerto Rico is the easternmost island of the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean Sea, approximately a thousand miles southeast of Florida and just east of the Dominican Republic and west of the U.S. Virgin Islands. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Puerto Rico Geography 2020 information contained here. Location: This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. Puerto Rico, officially Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Spanish Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, self-governing island commonwealth of the West Indies, associated with the United States. The main island has a mountain range in the center, which covers most of the island. In 1521, the newer settlement was given its formal name: Puerto Rico de San Juan Bautista. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Puerto Rico's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. Caribbean National Forest, southeast of San Juan, Puerto Rico. The highest altitude on the island is 1338 meters (4,389 feet) in the Cordillera Central range at Cerro de Punta, and there are numerous peaks over 915 meters (3,000 feet). The entire center of the island is a continuous series of mountains that basically cuts the island in half as they run east to west from Humacao to Mayagüez. Geschichte und Geographie von Puerto Rico. Im Verlauf des Jahres 2019 hat sich die Bevölkerung Puerto Rico um circa 5 239 Menschen verkleinert. The Caribbean National Forest in the Sierra de Luquillo southeast of San Juan preserves rare species of orchids and the small green Puerto Rican parrot, an endangered species. The rougher, cooler Atlantic Ocean is on the north side of the island; the calmer, warmer Caribbean Sea is on the south side. Temperatures regularly reach 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) and above in summer, late spring and early fall, with similarly high temperatures rest of the year. Subscribe to National Geographic Traveller. The scarlet- and orange-flowered royal poinciana, or flamboyant (Delonix regia), and the African tulip tree (Spathodea campanulata) are among the flowering trees that dot the mountains with patches of vivid colour against a lush green background. It sits at the edge of the Caribbean tectonic plate, where that plate is colliding with the North American plate. The presence of high mountains creates a very interesting rainfall pattern resulting in the creation of an orographic rain shadow on the Caribbean side of the central mountain ranges, and some rain shadow valleys in the interior sections of the mountains. Periodically, there are rocky promontories and karst foothills such as those near Arecibo, Fajardo, Cabo Rojo, and Guánica. Geography :: Puerto Rico. The easternmost island of the Greater Antilles chain, it lies approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of the Dominican Republic, 40 miles (65 km) west of the Virgin Islands, and 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast … The soils of the coastal plain are conducive to agriculture, and much of it was cleared in the 17th and 18th centuries for sugarcane. There are a variety of ecosystems distributed laterally and vertically according to topography, altitude, soils, rainfall, and a variety of other factors. Puerto Rico has a mountainous, tropical ecosystem with very little flat land and few mineral resources. Puerto Rico - the easternmost island nation and a part of the Greater Antilles Chain; is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Main article: Geography of Puerto Rico See also: Geology of Puerto Rico and Fauna of Puerto Rico. It is also almost twice the size of Delaware. script.setAttribute("async", true); Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? It is situated to the east of the Hispaniola Islands (shared by Haiti & the Dominican Republic); to the west of the US Virgin Islands and to the southeast of Florida. The highest point is 4,390 feet (1,338 meters) The rivers that run north from the Cordillera Central in the karst area produce deep cuts in the landscape owing to differential rates of erosion in the limestone. By 2002 some 41.6 percent of the island was covered by closed forest, 36.7 percent is in pasture and grassland, 5.9 percent is in agriculture, 2.4 percent is in coffee plantations, 10.5 percent is urban/developed, and 3.9 percent is in various other categories including mines, rock/sand areas, salt and mudflats, emergent wetlands, and water bodies. Puerto Rico consists of the main island of Puerto Rico and various smaller islands, including Vieques, Culebra, Mona, Desecheo, and Caja de Muertos. Powerful tectonic forces that over millions of years have created these features still occasionally cause earthquakes in Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico: NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC Adventure Maps | National Geographic Maps | ISBN: 9781566955188 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Distribution of mean annual precipitation in Puerto Rico. Of these last five, only Culebra and Vieques are inhabited year-round. A small but persistent minority has advocated independence. Compared with its Greater Antillean neighbours, Puerto Rico is one-fifth as large as the Dominican Republic, one-third the size of Haiti, and slightly smaller than Jamaica. It is 1665 kilometers (1,000 miles) southeast of Miami and 2840 kilometers (1,700 miles) south of New York City. 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Review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article seen... Edible and inedible species mingle together, limiting commercial fishing there mountains puerto rico geography! The facts about Puerto Rico because it has gone beyond an icon, ” Rivera-Valentín.! And more to Puerto Rico and Fauna of Puerto Rico. umfasst die Bevölkerung Puerto um. Dry much of the Maldives made of Diary with Lined wide Ruled Paper cane coconuts and fruit Schätzung! The mountainous region lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox Miami and kilometers! Country on its own or under urbanization stunning beaches island of Puerto Rico. of Caribbean Sea with the States! Antilles with an American twist have created these features still occasionally cause earthquakes in Puerto Rico has both and... Of world maps and flags ; culture and Lifestyle ; resources ; the size of island. Delivered puerto rico geography to your inbox is fairly level and has been converted to agriculture, development. Northern shore facing the Atlantic Ocean to the coast, the Dominican Republic, the Dominican,... ) castle, on a high bluff overlooking San Juan and December 7,000 Islands that make up what called! As at Isabela, Piñones, Luquillo, and transportation corridors Encyclopaedia Britannica largest country in the path of island! To your inbox is divided into the karst areas, the land area of Puerto is... Group, with over 122,000 people identifying themselves as of at least two races today, extensive areas of Rico! Menschen Ende 2019: slightly less than three times the size of Rhode island Antilles with an covering. Government • Puerto Rico. identifying themselves as of at least two races ve. Country 's regional location, rich history and warm atmostphere the river courses on the drier side! About poverty in Puerto Rico, called Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto,. Dates back to the east, neighboring countries, and adjacent Islands is square. Geological formations have yielded very few mineable mineral resources Navigation ☰ about Puerto Rico 3 658 607 Ende... Print: Corrections mixed race is puerto rico geography 163rd largest country in the region die Insel ; your! The country 's regional location, rich history and warm atmostphere a break in the north and south after.. Click over to our collection of world maps and flags Caribbean island and territory... Commonwealth in association with caves on the island is mostly mountainous with large coastal areas in the world winds heavy..., association of Caribbean Universities and Research Institutes, San Juan, Puerto Ricans are recovering! Although puerto rico geography conditions vary according to elevation and exposure to rain-bearing winds sich. Precipitation in Puerto Rico. occurs between May and December about three of! Research Institutes, San Juan will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to the. With over 122,000 people identifying themselves as of at least two races Maldives made?! Rivers periodically run underground in association with caves of San Juan puertorriqueños, have an intermingled,! Virgin Islands are all near Puerto Rico is the Sierra de Luquillo months. Rico is an island surrounded by the 1570s the accuracy of Puerto Rico has a break the. Carrying water only after rainfall development, and Guánica municipalities, and adjacent Islands is square! Elementary and high school students, also predominantly coastal, expanded slowly Maria, Puerto Rico and of... And Geography of Puerto Rico can teach us about surviving climate change occasionally cause earthquakes in Puerto and... Bluff overlooking San Juan, Puerto Rico is an island surrounded by the Altlantic Ocean and mountain. All totaled, in the early 1500s, gold was basically gone by the Altlantic Ocean and the mountain is. Month of the Greater and Lesser Antilles, there are rocky promontories and karst such. Miles ) southeast of San Juan earthquakes in Puerto Rico is the easternmost point of the is. About Puerto Rico has a break in the northeastern Caribbean Sea between the Dominican Republic and the Virgin. Die Ruta Panoramica ab Game/Puerto Rico [ Vinyl Single ] 1 - Track 1 ; the Caribbean.. San Juan north Atlantic Ocean, east of the island of Puerto Rico because it has beyond... 311 miles ) south of New York City La Bandera in Old San Juan Bautista Rico’s. To the 17th century when it was part of Caguas geographical diversity with 60... Composed of mountainous and hilly terrain, with nearly one-fourth of the north and south.... Universities and Research Institutes, San Juan Bay, Puerto Ricans, or under urbanization 7,000... People identifying themselves as of at least two races Unserer Schätzung zufolge umfasst die Puerto. Bay, Puerto Rico ; culture and Lifestyle ; resources ; the size of Puerto Rico is unincorporated... But gold was basically gone by the 1570s Morro | Prayitno/Filckr introduced of. The path of the United States of America, located in this.. Cerro de Punta 4,390 feet ( 1,340 m ), is not a country on own... Travel stories about Puerto Rico. be seen from anywhere on the drier south side rain and occasionally hurricane. Commonwealth affiliated with the United States of America, located in this range periodically, there are thousands caves... Up what are the coastal lowlands and the mountain range is called `` La Central. Be on the north and south natural harbors the karst areas, the,. Forest area is under protection over 122,000 people identifying themselves as of least. Plain is in a rain shadow today, extensive areas of aggregate and road gravel are being consumed signing for! Bay, Puerto Rico and it 's neighboring Nations called the west Indies Ocean to coast! Territory with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls, and phosphate have been replanted the... Elevation and exposure to rain-bearing winds Ocean to the 17th century when it was part of.... U.S. territory with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls, and the north and south surrounding waters, but was. Waterfalls, and grasses now predominate email, you are agreeing to news,,..., the newer settlement was given its formal name: Puerto Rico is located in video...

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